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Эпидемиология и Вакцинопрофилактика

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Эпидемиологическое значение бессимптомных носителей COVID-19

https://doi.org/10.31631/2073-3046-2020-19-6-69-73

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Актуальность. Пандемия новой коронавирусной инфекции является серьезным испытанием для мировой системы здравоохранения, а контроль за развитием эпидемического процесса одна из главных задач в борьбе с COVID-19. Цель. По данным зарубежной литературы оценить роль бессимптомных носителей COVID-19 в эпидемическом процессе новой коронавирусной инфекции. Выводы. Показано менее стойкое формирование иммунного ответа у лиц с бессимптомной формой заболевания по сравнению клиническими формами инфекции COVID-19. Для выяснения аспектов патогенетического процесса и установления реальной стойкости иммунного ответа помимо исследования гуморального иммунного ответа целесообразно изучение клеточного звена иммунитета, в особенности клеток памяти у лиц, перенесших COVID-19. С целью подбора наиболее оптимальных противоэпидемических мер для сдерживания дальнейшего распространения заболевания, в том числе бессимптомного носительства необходимо установление индекса репродукции и определение минимальной инфицирующей дозы SARS-CoV-2.

Об авторах

Е. А. Базыкина
Хабаровский научно-исследовательский институт эпидемиологии и микробиологии Роспотребнадзора
Россия

Базыкина Елена Анатольевна - младший научный сотрудник Хабаровского НИИ эпидемиологии и микробиологии.
Хабаровск.
Тел. +7 (4212) 46-18-55



О. Е. Троценко
Хабаровский научно-исследовательский институт эпидемиологии и микробиологии Роспотребнадзора
Россия

Троценко Ольга Евгеньевна – доктор медицинских наук, директор Хабаровского НИИ эпидемиологии и микробиологии.
Хабаровск.
Тел. +7(4212)32-52-28



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Для цитирования:


Базыкина Е.А., Троценко О.Е. Эпидемиологическое значение бессимптомных носителей COVID-19. Эпидемиология и Вакцинопрофилактика. 2020;19(6):69-73. https://doi.org/10.31631/2073-3046-2020-19-6-69-73

For citation:


Bazykina E.A., Trotsenko O.E. Epidemiological Significance of Asymptomatic Carriers of COVID-19. Epidemiology and Vaccinal Prevention. 2020;19(6):69-73. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31631/2073-3046-2020-19-6-69-73

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ISSN 2073-3046 (Print)
ISSN 2619-0494 (Online)