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Эпидемиология и Вакцинопрофилактика

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ВПЧ-ассоциированные заболевания в практике онкопроктолога

https://doi.org/10.31631/2073-3046-2018-17-5-106-110

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Аннотация

В статье рассматривается история открытия связи вируса папилломы человека (ВПЧ) с развитием онкологических заболеваний, анализируются факторы риска, патогенез, методы диагностики, лечения и профилактики анальной интраэпителиальной неоплазии (АИН) и плоскоклеточного рака анального канала (ПРАК). Относясь к редким, эти заболевания представляю серьезную угрозу здоровью для людей, входящих в группы высокого риска (ВИЧ-инфицированные, страдающие ВПЧ-ассоциированными заболеваниями, лица, практикующие анальный половой контакт, получающих иммуносупрессивную терапию). Необходима кооперация врачей различных специальностей для разработки эффективной системы профилактики ВПЧ-ассоциированных проктологических заболеваний. АИН не имеет стандартизированных методов диагностики и лечения. Для профилактики ВПЧассоциированных проктологических заболеваний может быть эффективна вакцинация, однако требуется более широкое изучение распространённости типов вируса в российской популяции. Данные первых исследований говорят о необходимости использования поливалентных вакцин в России.

Об авторе

С. С. Гордеев
ФГБУ «НМИЦ онкологии им. Н.Н. Блохина» Минздрава России
Россия

Сергей Сергеевич Гордеев – кандидат медицинских наук, врач-онколог хирургического отделения № 3 (проктологическое) НМИЦ онкологии им. Н.Н.Блохина МР, ответственный секретарь Российского общества специалистов по колоректальному раку.

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Для цитирования:


Гордеев С.С. ВПЧ-ассоциированные заболевания в практике онкопроктолога. Эпидемиология и Вакцинопрофилактика. 2018;17(5):106-110. https://doi.org/10.31631/2073-3046-2018-17-5-106-110

For citation:


Gordeev S.S. HPV-Associated Malignancy in the Practice of Colorectal Cancer Specialist. Epidemiology and Vaccinal Prevention. 2018;17(5):106-110. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31631/2073-3046-2018-17-5-106-110

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